1. What is First Aid and why is it important?

First Aid is the immediate assistance or care given to someone who has been injured or suddenly falls ill. Its primary goals are to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, and promote recovery. First Aid is crucial because it can make a significant difference in the outcome of an emergency situation.

2. What are the essential items for a basic First Aid kit?

A basic first aid kit should include adhesive bandages, sterile gauze, antiseptic wipes, adhesive tape, scissors, tweezers, pain relievers, disposable gloves, and a CPR face mask. It's important to tailor the kit to specific needs and activities.

3. How should I approach an unconscious person?

Check for responsiveness by tapping and shouting. If there is no response, call for emergency help and begin CPR if trained. Ensure the person is lying on their back on a firm surface, and check for breathing. If not breathing, start rescue breaths and chest compressions.

4. What is the correct way to treat a burn injury?

For minor burns, cool the affected area with cold running water for at least 10 minutes. Do not use ice. Cover the burn with a sterile non-stick dressing. For severe burns, call for emergency assistance immediately and avoid applying anything to the burn.

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Common signs of a heart attack include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, and discomfort in the arms, neck, jaw, or back. If someone shows these symptoms, call emergency services immediately.

6. What steps should I take if someone is choking?

Encourage the person to cough forcefully. If coughing doesn't work, perform abdominal thrusts (Heimlich manoeuvre). Stand behind the person, wrap your arms around their waist, and deliver quick upward thrusts until the object is dislodged or emergency help arrives.

7. How can I manage a bleeding wound?

Apply direct pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage or a clean cloth. Elevate the injured limb if possible and maintain pressure until the bleeding stops. If bleeding is severe and doesn't stop, call for emergency help.

8. What should I do if someone is having a seizure?

Keep the person safe by removing nearby objects, placing them on their side to prevent choking, and protecting their head. Do not put anything in their mouth. Time the seizure and call for emergency assistance if it lasts longer than 5 minutes.

9. How do I recognize and manage shock?

Symptoms of shock include rapid breathing, a weak pulse, and pale, cool, clammy skin. Lay the person down, elevate their legs slightly, and cover them with a blanket. Call for emergency help, and monitor their vital signs until help arrives.

10. What is the importance of learning CPR and AED use?

CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) and AED (Automated External Defibrillator) use are critical skills that can significantly increase the chances of survival during cardiac emergencies. Knowing how to perform chest compressions and use an AED can help maintain blood circulation and restore a normal heart rhythm. Consider taking a certified CPR and AED course to gain the necessary skills.