First Aid is the immediate assistance or care given to someone who has been injured or suddenly falls ill. Its primary goals are to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, and promote recovery. First Aid is crucial because it can make a significant difference in the outcome of an emergency situation.
A basic first aid kit should include adhesive bandages, sterile gauze, antiseptic wipes, adhesive tape, scissors, tweezers, pain relievers, disposable gloves, and a CPR face mask. It's important to tailor the kit to specific needs and activities.
Check for responsiveness by tapping and shouting. If there is no response, call for emergency help and begin CPR if trained. Ensure the person is lying on their back on a firm surface, and check for breathing. If not breathing, start rescue breaths and chest compressions.
For minor burns, cool the affected area with cold running water for at least 10 minutes. Do not use ice. Cover the burn with a sterile non-stick dressing. For severe burns, call for emergency assistance immediately and avoid applying anything to the burn.
Common signs of a heart attack include chest pain or discomfort, shortness of breath, nausea, lightheadedness, and discomfort in the arms, neck, jaw, or back. If someone shows these symptoms, call emergency services immediately.